By Lawrence Cunningham
Short historical past of Saints follows the increase of the cult of saints in Christianity from its beginning within the age of the martyrs all the way down to the current day.
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From the PREFACE
This booklet is a revised and improved type of the 1st six Speaker's
Lectures in bible study, added in Trinity collage, Oxford,
in the summer season of 1972. i used to be elected Speaker's Lecturer initially
for 3 years, 1968-71, to provide the thesis that Matthew had no
other enormous resource yet Mark, which he elaborated mid-
rashically. through the first of those years, a moment concept happened to
me, that it used to be attainable to offer a extra convincing account of the
arrangement of Matthew than used to be to be had, at the assumption that
the Gospel was once a lectionary book—that is, a sequence of liturgical
Gospels for the Saturdays and feasts of a Jewish-Christian yr,
taken so as. i used to be capable of contain this advice into the
1970 and 1971 Lectures, and the entire Matthaean thesis was once
published in 1974 less than the identify Midrash and Lection in Matthew.
At each step, the claims I were making for Matthew concerned
the attention of Luke. This have been so from the start,
for if Matthew had basically Mark and no Q, the Q fabric in Luke
could be defined in basic terms at the speculation that Luke derived it
from Matthew. the matter right here was once to not exhibit the Lucan
versions of Q-sayings to be secondary—for which i used to be in a position to
produce arguments—but to account for the alterations that Luke
would then have made within the Matthaean order. the following back, it used to be a
lectionary thesis which seasoned. vided a neat approach to the trouble:
only while Matthew have been involved largely to supply
Discourses to slot the subjects of the Jewish-Christian Feasts, Luke
was making an attempt anything extra problematic in a weekly tale 'ful-
filling* the Saturday previous testomony lesson. I supplied a comic strip of
such a idea within the final bankruptcy of my Matthaean ebook, and requested
the Electors for an extension of 2 years (the greatest) to debate
the subject extra totally. This they granted, and in 1972 i tried to
establish the heritage of O. T. readings within the first century. In
1973 I utilized the ensuing trend to the exegesis of Luke as a
This book examines the nature and serve as of the files pointed out within the biblical texts relating to similar references in literature from wider antiquity. bringing up a variety of references to written records within the Hebrew Bible, Stott takes into account either these references which may element to exterior assets, for instance, the numerous literary citations within the books of Kings and Chronicles, in addition to yes different records that play a job within the narrative, similar to "the ebook of the legislation" in 2 Kings, the scrolls of Jeremiah, and the pills of the legislations.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of Saints
Local pilgrimages were a staple of medieval society. 9 The shrine of Saint James the Apostle at Compostela is interesting not only because it is still a favorite of pilgrims but also The Bureaucratization of Sanctity 49 because of the origins of the cult. There is a ninth-century reference to relics of Saint James being transferred from Jerusalem to Spain. Through royal patronage the cult of the saint and his relics moved to Compostela where there was already a shrine to early martyrs. Because of the enormous popularity of the pilgrimage the iconography of the saint made him a fellow pilgrim with his pilgrim’s hat and a cockle shell, which was the badge of those who made the pilgrimage, just as the palm branch was the badge of those who made the pilgrimage to Jerusalem (hence the surname Palmer).
Augustine, in his Confessions, famously describes his own mother, Monica, as a regular visitor to the shrine of the third-century martyr Saint Cyprian in Carthage. When Ambrose, bishop of Milan, discouraged such practices due to excesses, Augustine noted that Monica gave up the custom and now saw “the wisdom of bringing to the martyrs’ shrines not a basket full of the fruits of the earth but a heart full of more puriﬁed offerings, her prayers” (Confessions VI: 2). ” Athanasius, of course, fully understood that the word “martyr” means a witness.
Augustine of Hippo’s massive work The City of God was centrally concerned with the struggle between paganism and Christianity. In the ﬁnal book (XXII) of that work, Augustine takes up the issue of miracles done through the intercession of the martyrs both to argue that such miracles had in fact taken place and, further, that they were a sign of approval and a further proof of the redemptive work of Christ. He was so convinced of this that, as he says, he had such accounts of favors received through the intercession of the saints read out to his congregation in Hippo.