A Critical Analysis of the Jhanas in Theravada Buddhist by Henepola Gunaratana

By Henepola Gunaratana

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From the PREFACE
This booklet is a revised and accelerated kind of the 1st six Speaker's
Lectures in religious study, introduced in Trinity collage, Oxford,
in the summer time of 1972. i used to be elected Speaker's Lecturer initially
for 3 years, 1968-71, to offer the thesis that Matthew had no
other huge resource yet Mark, which he elaborated mid-
rashically. through the first of those years, a moment proposal happened to
me, that it was once attainable to offer a extra convincing account of the
arrangement of Matthew than was once to be had, at the assumption that
the Gospel used to be a lectionary book—that is, a chain of liturgical
Gospels for the Saturdays and feasts of a Jewish-Christian yr,
taken so as. i used to be in a position to contain this recommendation into the
1970 and 1971 Lectures, and the entire Matthaean thesis was once
published in 1974 less than the identify Midrash and Lection in Matthew.
At each step, the claims I were making for Matthew concerned
the attention of Luke. This were so from the start,
for if Matthew had merely Mark and no Q, the Q fabric in Luke
could be defined in simple terms at the speculation that Luke derived it
from Matthew. the matter the following used to be to not convey the Lucan
versions of Q-sayings to be secondary—for which i used to be capable of
produce arguments—but to account for the alterations that Luke
would then have made within the Matthaean order. right here back, it was once a
lectionary thesis which seasoned. vided a neat strategy to the trouble:
only while Matthew were involved mostly to supply
Discourses to slot the topics of the Jewish-Christian Feasts, Luke
was making an attempt anything extra tricky in a weekly tale 'ful-
filling* the Saturday outdated testomony lesson. I supplied a comic strip of
such a thought within the final bankruptcy of my Matthaean publication, and requested
the Electors for an extension of 2 years (the greatest) to debate
the subject extra totally. This they granted, and in 1972 i tried to
establish the heritage of O. T. readings within the first century. In
1973 I utilized the ensuing development to the exegesis of Luke as a
whole.
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Additional info for A Critical Analysis of the Jhanas in Theravada Buddhist Meditation

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3. Psy. Ethics, p. 312-13. “Tattha katama uddhaccakukkucca nīvara a ? Tattha katama uddhacca ? Ya cittassa uddhacca avupasamo cetaso vikkhepo bhantatta cittassa. Ida vuccati uddhacca . Tattha katamam kukkucca ? Akappiye kappiya saññitā, kappiye akappiya saññitā, avajje vajja saññitā; vajje avajja saññitā; ya evarupa kukkucca kukkuccāyanā, cetaso vippa isāro, manovilekho, ida vuccati kukkucca . , p. 233. 47 It has the characteristic of disquiet, like water whipped by the wind. Its function is unsteadiness, like a flag or banner whipped by the wind.

Sloth, monks, is a hindrance; torpor is a hindrance. Thus the hindrance of sloth and torpor that comes down in the summary by this method becomes twofold. Restlessness, monks, is a hindrance; worry is a hindrance. Thus the hindrance of restlessness and worry that comes down in the summary by this method becomes twofold. 1. , p. 147. , p. 114. paccanika-pa ipakkha-bhāvadassanato nīvara ā’eva vuttāni. jhāna gān’eva pa ipakkhāni viddha sakāni vighātakānī ti 2. , p. 147. , p. 114. B. The Path of Purification’s “happiness” is our “rapture” (pīti), and The Path of Purification’s “bliss” is our “happiness” (sukha).

The danger of oversimplification involved in this scheme has been acknowledged by ancient teachers, and the possibility of complex combinations of traits finds ready affirmation. But the sixfold typology is taken to be sufficient as a pragmatic guideline for the purpose it is intended to serve, the assignment of a suitable subject to a meditator. The Visuddhimagga divides the forty kamma hānas among the different temperaments as follows. The ten kinds of foulness and mindfulness of the body, clearly intended to attenuate sensual desire, are eleven subjects suitable for those of greedy temperament.

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