By Benjamin A. Elman
Historians of technological know-how and Sinologists have lengthy wanted a unified narrative to explain the chinese language improvement of recent technological know-how, medication, and know-how considering the fact that 1600. They welcomed the looks in 2005 of Benjamin Elman's masterwork, all alone phrases. Now Elman has retold the tale of the Jesuit effect on past due imperial China, circa 1600-1800, and the Protestant period in early smooth China from the 1840s to 1900 in a concise and obtainable shape perfect for the school room. This coherent account of the emergence of recent technology in China locations that emergence in ancient context for either normal scholars of contemporary technological know-how and experts of China. (20070112)
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Additional info for A Cultural History of Modern Science in China
35 The only known copy of the first Chinese map of the world, created in 1593, was entitled the Comprehensive Map of Heaven and Earth and the Myriad Countries and Ancient and Modern Persons and Artifacts. It included geographical information from Ricci’s map of 1584, which is now lost. The 1593 Chinese map offered a traditional representation of China with foreign lands arranged around the periphery. It served chiefly as an administrative map for officials and thus included statistical information such as population (conventionally based on families) and locally produced commodities.
According to this view, the five phases actually referred to qualities of qi that made up all substances—another side of their denotation as five sorts of fundamental processes. For Song Yingxing (b. ca. 33 The Jesuits and Mappa Mundi in Ming China Jesuits added to the geographical knowledge of the Ming literati in the late sixteenth century. For instance, the first translated edition of Matteo Ricci’s map of the world (mappa mundi), which was produced with the help of Chinese converts, was printed in 1584.
Such accommodative language diverted attention from what the translations actually signified, that is, a new cosmological system. Unlike Li Zhizao, who earlier in 1610 had stressed the newness of Jesuit calendrical methods, Xu in 1631 minimized novelty and stressed accuracy. 13 In 1644, soon after the Ming dynasty was overthrown, Schall introduced the works included in the Mathematical Astronomy of the Chongzhen Reign to the conquering Qing court. In addition, when the Manchu Shunzhi emperor (r.