Absolute Constructions in Early Indo-European by Antonia Ruppel

By Antonia Ruppel

Some time past, discussions approximately absolute structures (ACs) were restricted by means of an obscure figuring out of what ACs are. by means of reading the character and serve as of ACs and similar structures in Greek, Latin and Sanskrit, this new research arrives at a transparent and easy definition of ACs. concentrating on the earliest attested fabric in every one language, Dr Ruppel highlights how using ACs differs among the languages and provides causes for those adjustments. Referring without delay and largely to the early fabric, she identifies the typical middle shared by means of all ACs and reconstructs their improvement into Greek, Latin and Sanskrit. This old point of view unearths how ACs were conceived of via grammarians, philologists or even Christian missionaries over the past thousand years and the way enduring misconceptions nonetheless impact our dialogue of them this day.

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These include Draeger 1881, de Saussure 1881, Horn 1918, Serbat 1979, Krisch 1988, Ros´en 1988, Ramat 1989, Frauzel 1998, Menge 1999, Bauer 2000 and Cooper 2002. e. referring to ‘anyone who’) and a personal GA) that seems to simply project the state he sees in Classical Greek back to the proto-language. Frauzel’s interesting 1998 article on impersonal absolutes (mostly Witterungsimpersonalia such as Gk. Ìontov, Skt. 139 on Wed Jul 17 18:06:26 WEST 2013. ii Grammatical vs. e. 40 There are several nuances of this theory.

They bring in the harvest on 45 Cf. Blake 2001: 33. 139 on Wed Jul 17 18:06:26 WEST 2013. 002 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2013 the absolute construction so far that day’, ‘everyone praised the gods at the sacrifice’ or ‘they sacrificed at/next to the fire’ it is the entire action, and thus the entire clause, that is qualified/described by the adverbial expression. 46 Yet having identified a likely source of ACs, the next step again is to understand how ACs would have developed from that source.

53 This demonstrates the exceptional importance of the attribute. v above). Keydana instead refers to the construction as a whole as verbally centred. All of this forms his ‘Definition of the AC’ section. 55 I therefore assume we are meant to consider the concept of the ‘semantic transformation’ as his theory of how ACs arose. Keydana’s description of the AC – as a construction that is nominally centred in shape, yet verbally centred as far as its semantics are concerned – is appealing from a synchronic point of view: it aptly describes the paradox of ACs.

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