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Extra resources for Agricultural Extension in Africa (World Bank Discussion Paper)
Mr. E. V. K. Jaycox, Vice-President of the Africa Region, World Bank addressed both gatherings. Professor R. Evenson (Yale University), presented the findings of evaluation studies on the impact of T&V extension in Kenya and Burkina Faso. Mr. B. Haverkort, from the Information Centre for Low External Input and Sustainable Agriculture (ILEIA), spoke on the "Farmers' Role in Research and Extension" at Accra. Mr. K. Cleaver, Director, Africa Technical Department, World Bank, presented, in Abidjan, the World Bank's strategy for agricultural development in Africa.
Vii) Include, in extension messages, advice regarding the management of soil and water conservation at farm level. At the same time, the program managers of natural resource management (NRM) and T&V should explore the possibilities of working together, or harmonizing their perspectives. (viii) The World Bank should facilitate the establishment of an African regional or international centre for the regular exchange of experiences and innovative ideas in extension, and to function as a centre of excellence for training, documentation and evaluation of extension methodologies.
Other issues discussed under this theme concerned modifying the T&V system to suit the socio-cultural-administrative context of the particular country, and the implications of operating a ''unified" extension system, delivering extension messages to farmers in many areas of concern to them, such as crops, livestock, agro-forestry and fisheries, the underlying assumption being that extension's concerns should be congruent to farmers' concerns. Page 2 Under Technology, the participants were concerned about the slow pace at which technologies appropriate to the African context were being made available.