By Satyen Mukherjee, Emile Aarts, Raf Roovers, Frans Widdershoven, Martin Ouwerkerk
Ambient Intelligence is likely one of the new paradigms within the improvement of data and verbal exchange know-how, which has attracted a lot realization during the last years. the purpose is the to combine know-how into humans setting in the sort of means that it improves their day-by-day lives when it comes to future health, creativity, and productiveness. Ambient Intelligence is a multidisciplinary inspiration, which seriously builds on a couple of primary breakthroughs which were accomplished within the improvement of latest innovations over the last years. New insights in nano and micro electronics, packaging and interconnection expertise, large-area electronics, strength scavenging units, instant sensors, low energy electronics and computing structures allow the conclusion of the heaven of ambient intelligence through overcoming the hell of physics. in line with contributions from top technical specialists, this ebook provides a few key themes on novel advancements, hence supplying the reader a very good perception into the actual foundation of ambient intelligence. It additionally exhibits key examine demanding situations that needs to be addressed sooner or later.
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Extra info for AmIware: Hardware Technology Drivers of Ambient Intelligence (Philips Research Book Series)
Receiver sensitivity for a 12 dB SNR was measured at À78 dBm up to 40 kbps. As discussed above, the agility of the receiver is crucial in a wireless sensor network application. The enable-to-data latency of the receiver was measured to be 10 ms, much less than one symbol period. The total receiver current consumption is 3 mA with both channels enabled. To further reduce the power consumption of the receiver, a superregenerative architecture was explored. The design and implementation is beyond the scope of this chapter.
Smart RF identification tags, able to measure a variety of environmental parameters, will have to be incorporated into objects. A range of sensor and actuator functions will be required, with CMOSenabled intelligence, integrated in miniature packages. These will also have to have a wireless communication function. And ideally, they would need to ‘‘scavenge’’ their energy from wherever and what is available in their environment. In the following paragraphs, a number of such physical layer challenges are discussed, without any claim to completeness.
As an early adopter of this approach, Philips Research has pioneered intensive partnerships in R&D. 2. THE PHYSICAL BASIS OF AMBIENT INTELLIGENCE 25 Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) in Leuven, Belgium. Philips semiconductors and its partners STMicroelectronics and Freescale carry out the subsequent development and pilot manufacturing in the Crolles 2 Alliance near Grenoble, France. By using advanced wafer foundries, such as TSMC of Taiwan, cost sharing and risk reduction is achieved in mass manufacturing as well.